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November is normally the season of mists, fogs and decreasing daylight. So what will the weather bring us this month?

After a very mild October, these unusually high temperatures are set to stay for at least the first week in November but do keep an eye on the weather forecasts and be ready to protect any tender plants, in case of any frost.

Nature is dropping into decay and shutting down. Leaves are rapidly changing colour and falling to the ground. Birds and animals are eating as much as they can to put on weight, building up fat reserves to see them through the winter. Squirrels burying hoards of nuts. Bats and Hedgehogs looking for somewhere to hunker down to hibernate as well as butterflies, moths and ladybirds. This is the transition month in the garden and countryside before winter. Annual plants wither and die, others simply “die down”.


winter protection for any tender plants, banana, canna lilies, tender geraniums, pelargoniums, begonias, orchids… Bring into greenhouse or conservatory. Plants in pots too big to bring in move to a sheltered spot and pack them together.

For plants left in situ cages of wire around the plant stem then packed with straw works very well. Horticultural fleece is a must for plant protection. Check out the RHS article on Over Wintering Plants for more information.


New seasons Roses. The nation’s favourite plant. So versatile, ground cover, hedging, bush, climbing, rambling and above all a rose should be scented! The range of colours available from the specialist nurseries is incredible. Bare root plants are still excellent value, often living more than 20 years!

Planted now you will get good root growth before Christmas.

New Seasons Fruit Trees

Apples, Pears, Peach, Nectarine, Cherries, Nuts, Mulberry, etc and all fruit bushes – Raspberries, Loganberries, Blueberries, Gooseberries, Black, Red, White Currants etc are all in garden centres, but the better range is from the specialist nurseries or buy online if you’re looking for unusual varieties.

Spring Bulbs

Autumn is the best time for planting spring bulbs giving them the winter months to put out roots in readiness for a spectacular display next spring. Don’t forget to plant any spring bulbs that have been tucked away or forgotten! Even if you only put them in pots. Use your own garden soil or John Innes no2.

Open ground hedging

Perfect time to create a wildlife hedge, which will give you more interest throughout the year, instead of a boring conifer hedge or just laurel.  A mixture of Sloe, Hawthorn, Field Maple, Rosa rugosa, Hazel, Holly, Dogwood, Hornbeam, Viburnum opulus etc will give you flowers, berries and autumn colour. It will also provide security in the form of a prickly hedge, nectar and pollen for the insects, food for the birds, and a safe place for nesting birds! It’s a multiple-winner.

Vegetables and Fruit

good tidy up, clear all old vegetation – courgettes, rhubarb leaves, runner beans… Compost non-diseased plants.

Fallen or rotten fruit apples can be left on the ground for the wildlife to enjoy. Winter migrants like Fieldfare, Redwing, Blackbird will love you for it! Butterflies, insects, voles, even Badgers, deer and foxes will eat the fruit. As it decomposes it also feeds the roots of the fruit trees too.

Place grease bands or fruit tree grease around the trunks of apples and pears to stop winter/codling moth damage next year. Do the stake or cane too!

Protect salads, spinach with cloches. Net brassica plants – Cabbages, cauliflower, spring greens, kale and Brussel sprouts from wood pigeons.

Land dug now kept quite rough will only need levelling and raking next spring. The frosts will break down the lumps. Trenches for runner beans, climbing french beans or sweet peas can be dug and filled with newspaper, manure and compost ready for next year too.

Do not dig if your ground is very wet. Keep Off. It ruins the soil structure, compacts and starves the ground of oxygen, turning it into a smelly sludge!

If you don’t want to dig, cover your veg patch with compost and let the worms do it for you.

Garden Wildlife

It may have been a mild autumn, but as soon as temperatures drop, wildlife garden visitors will be looking for places to hunker down for hibernation. Hedgehogs, birds, amphibians and insects all need a helping hand, and here are a few of the things you could be doing to give them the best chance of survival during the cooler months.

Whatever the weather plan for next year. Get the seed catalogues in or go online and do some armchair gardening!

Happy Gardening!

For more tips and advice see also the RHS Wisley Website December advice page

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